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IDFA Appalled by USDA Decision to Delay Milk Pricing Updates

Jun 28, 2006



For Immediate Release

Media Contact: Marti Pupillo202-220-3535


IDFA Appalled by USDA Decision to Delay Much Needed Cost Adjustments in Milk Pricing Formulas

(Washington, D.C. — June 28, 2006) The International Dairy Foods Association (IDFA) today expressed shock at the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) recently announced plans to reconvene a national public hearing to amend the Class III and Class IV price formulas. An emergency hearing was held by USDA in January to address an urgent industry need to update costs built into the Federal Order classified pricing formulas known as "make allowances." IDFA believes the decision by USDA to delay a final decision on make allowances will have a devastating effect on U.S. cheese makers and the dairy industry overall, and flies in the face of overwhelming evidence presented to USDA at the hearing in January.

"At a time when we have more milk on the market than ever, we need a strong, healthy dairy processing sector to turn that milk into finished products. This delaying tactic appears to be a politically motivated decision that could force some cheese makers to close their doors and send back their milk," said Connie Tipton, IDFA president and CEO.

"Congress certainly didn't intend to threaten the economic viability of the U.S. dairy industry by forcing manufacturers to lose money on every pound of cheese or other product made when it approved the creation of make allowances. USDA should follow on this wise path and update the make allowances now — without further delay," Tipton added.

Created through a federal order reform process mandated by Congress in the 1996 Farm Bill, the make allowances established on January 1, 2000, fix the margins USDA permits processors to apply to cover the manufacturing costs of turning raw milk into a finished dairy product. These margins are based on industry manufacturing cost data from 1997-99, so are grossly below today's true costs. Without an update to reflect current costs, many cheese, butter and powder plants are forced to operate at a loss because they don't have the margins to cover all the costs necessary to run their operations.

"It seems entirely unnecessary to gather more evidence when experts presented reams of data at the January hearing demonstrating substantial manufacturing increases," explained Chip Kunde, IDFA's senior vice president. "In fact, the two sources USDA used to set the original make allowances — the Rural Business Cooperative Service and the California Department of Food and Agriculture — provided more current data using identical methods as before."

USDA conducted the four-day public hearing in January to consider changes to the make allowances after receiving an urgent request for an emergency hearing by Agri-Mark Dairy Cooperative. The National Cheese Institute, one of IDFA's constituent organizations, and several other dairy cooperatives supported this request for quick relief from dramatic increases in energy and transportation costs.

IDFA and its members will use all means available to press USDA for swift action.


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IDFA is the Washington, DC-based organization representing the nation's dairy processing and manufacturing industries and their suppliers. IDFA is composed of three constituent organizations: Milk Industry Foundation (MIF), National Cheese Institute (NCI) and International Ice Cream Association (IICA). Its 500-plus members range from large multinational corporations to single-plant operations, and represent more than 85% of the total volume of milk, cultured products, cheese, and ice cream and frozen desserts produced and marketed in the United States — an estimated $90-billion a year industry. IDFA can be found online at


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