Dairy Nourishes

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020-2025 - What You Need to Know

Every five years, USDA and HHS update the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which sets the standards for federal feeding programs like the national school breakfast and lunch programs, and nutrition education messages. In December 2020, the agencies once again released guidelines that affirm the unparalleled health and nutrition benefits that dairy products provide to people of all ages:

  1. A diet including low-fat and fat-free dairy is part of the ideal, healthy dietary pattern along with whole grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables.
  2. The guidelines encourage most Americans to consume three servings of dairy per day. Dairy contains key nutrients that Americans should consume more of—also called “food components of public health concern”—including vitamin D, calcium, and potassium.
  3. Dairy remains a separate, distinct food group in recognition of its unrivaled health and nutrition benefits to people of all ages.
  4. Small amounts of some foods including dairy foods are recommended for children beginning at 6-12 months of age and continuing thereafter as part of new recommendations for toddlers. In the second year of life, when calcium requirements increase, dairy products including milk, yogurt, and cheese provide a good source of calcium. The recommendations call for inclusion of higher fat versions of dairy, including whole milk, for toddlers ages 12 through 23 months, which can also help meet calcium, vitamin D and protein needs.
  5. The guidelines contain messages and data useful to combatting misinformation related to dairy. The guidelines state:  “Consistent evidence demonstrates that a healthy dietary pattern [including low-fat and fat-free dairy] is associated with beneficial outcomes for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, overweight and obesity, type 2 diabetes, bone health, and certain types of cancer (breast and colorectal).” Additionally, a healthy eating pattern for children from birth through 24 months—which includes the introduction of some dairy after 6 months—helps to “lower risk of asthma” for children.

The Dietary Guidelines rely on the best science to advise Americans on building a wholesome, nutritious diet containing a range of foods and beverages. They are developed after years of review of the latest science on health and nutrition by the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC), a panel of twenty leading dieticians physicians and public health experts, and officials at USDA and HHS.

Here how IDFA made a difference for dairy through advocacy on the Dietary Guidelines:

Dairy Nourishes

IDFA’s Dairy Nourishes campaign provides expert insights from diet and health professionals as well as the latest research and news about dairy’s positive impact on child and adult health and wellness.

Good nutrition is the foundation of health and wellness for adults and children alike, and dairy is a crucial part of a healthy diet beginning at a very young age. In fact, no other type of food or beverage provides the unique combination of nutrients that dairy contributes to the American diet, including high quality protein, calcium, vitamin D, and potassium, and health benefits including better bone health and lower risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Cow’s milk alone has been found to hydrate the body better than water and delivers 11 essential nutrients that everyone needs to stay healthy. Most recently, a panel of experts from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Heart Association, concluded that cow’s milk—whole, low fat and skim milks—offers a host of essential nutrients that young kids need to be healthy, while recommending parents strictly limit or eliminate all other beverages from their child's diet except for water.

Dairy products play a critical role in the diet of children, where milk is the top source of calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and vitamin D in kids ages 2-18. According to the U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services, American children and adolescents over four years old are not consuming enough dairy to meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) recommendations. Case in point: 73 percent of the calcium available in the food supply is provided by milk and milk products; and milk is the number one source of protein in the diets of children ages 2 to 11.

Moreover, a growing body of data and research underscores the role that dairy—at all fat levels—should play in a healthy diet. In fact, a growing body of evidence indicates that consumption of full fat dairy foods (milk, cheese and yogurt) is not associated with higher risk of negative health outcomes, including obesity, diabetes and heart disease.