Farm Level Milk Production

The U.S. dairy farm sector has seen tremendous growth in recent decades. During the quarter century from 1950 to 1975, farm milk production averaged about 120 billion pounds with no discernible trend. Since then, however, farm milk production has grown nearly 75 percent, reaching a record level in 2013 of over 201.2 billion pounds. This growth has occurred while the number of milk cows in the U.S. has remained relatively constant since 1998 after falling consistently in the prior decades. Meanwhile, milk output per cow has shown consistent growth, setting a record in 2013 at 21,822 pounds per cow.

Updated February 2015